Comments on: Free the Curriculum! http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/ Blog, news, books Thu, 12 Oct 2017 08:56:00 +0000 hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=3.8.2 By: Agus http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18928 Sun, 07 Jan 2007 04:16:48 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18928 Already MIT has their own version of free curriculum, called MIT OpenCourseWare

http://ocw.mit.edu/

It contains freely available lecture notes (mostly in PDF) for all of their course. Some courses even provides the full textbooks for free.

Many authors also post their works (notes, monograms, books, textbooks) for free/libre/gratis on the net. If you searched around for “free books”, you can find these free texts ranged from the very old to the very new.

Some websites even try to collect and organize these scattered book into their own set of curriculum. One of such project is FreeTechBooks.com, mostly intended for computer science and mathematics books.

http://www.freetechbooks.com/

I hope someday there will be a compromising point, where publishing companies can retain a profit while students can afford to purchase their textbooks. In the meantime, the current trend of free full text is relieving enough for college students.

]]>
By: Chris Creagh http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18927 Mon, 08 Aug 2005 09:30:55 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18927 lost got lost in the sentence

So there is an interplay between what the unit co-ordinator wants in the unit and what textbooks provide. In this interplay I think things are being lost.

Sorry, Chris

]]>
By: Chris Creagh http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18926 Mon, 08 Aug 2005 09:23:54 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18926 Hi Jimbo Wales
I and my students use Wikipedia often. I am constantly surprised at its depth, breadth and accuracy particularly in my field of Physics. There are a few gaps and if I ever get time I will try and fill some.

Your idea of a free curriculum is a really good idea. I have only been lecturing for a couple of years and find my lectures closely follow the chosen text book for a particular topic. This effect is encouraged by the textbook distributors and the need to put all lectures on-line for external students. The text book manufactures provide PowerPoint copies of the images in the textbook and the students have come to expect lectures will not stray too far from the text. The lecturer acts more as an interpreter, demonstrator and problem poser. So there is an interplay between what the unit co-ordinator wants in the unit and what textbooks provide. In this interplay I think things are being.

Another aspect of the problem is that older members of staff are retiring and all their experience goes with them. Often I have been talking about what my students are doing and one of the older members of staff have piped up with “There’s a good demo for that” and goes on to explain. Often you would not be able to find this information on the net because the net is biased to what people want to put on it and the old stuff seems to get forgotten. Or perhaps the people who know about it are not computer savvy enough or too busy.

So I guess I am asking that you put Physics and Chemistry on your free curriculum list so that there can be a repository for knowledge that otherwise may get lost if the adaptation of content for e-study continues.

Chris

]]>
By: Charles http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18925 Mon, 08 Aug 2005 08:20:54 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18925 Here is a good article on a lot of the problems with the textbook industry. How free textbooks are going to get past the whole politically correct thing is going to be interesting to see–no one wants to produce the kind of absolute crap described in that article and present in our schools for no pay. I think it is safe to say that most people who make their books available free get a lot of motivation out of how terrible the current crop of textbooks is, and yet that terribleness is actually what is desired by the state governments, schoolboards, etc..

]]>
By: David Locke http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18924 Sun, 07 Aug 2005 18:28:22 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18924 Curriculums are what you read to teach, not to learn. They contain objectives, goals, metrics, efficacy metrics and media integration.

There is no one curriculum. And, if there were we would lose more than we gain. What would the people who now work on curriculums do if curriculums were free? What would happen to the ecology that generates improved appraoches?

In business, we have silo busting, best practices, and offshoring. How has any of this actually made business better? It hasn’t.

The variations in curriculums are tied to subject domain paradigms. Getting a new paradigm to birth in the bibliographc system takes years. It is a very slow process. But, with it comes the moment when the paradigm arrives in your corporate functional unit and demands a culture change. The notion that there is only one culture in corporate is false. A belief in this has lead to such things as requirement volitility, which is not inherently a charcteristic of the encoded domain, but rather of politicized IT practice. I suppose that a single curriculum is the perfect device to close minds just as No Child Left Behind is the perfect device for closing public schools and subjecting children to the brainwashing of the theocracy.

]]>
By: Frank Hanlan http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18923 Sun, 07 Aug 2005 15:50:35 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18923 There is a growing number of books being published talking about the fact that we are an energy based economy and that there is a coming crisis or series of crises resulting from a depletion of fossil fuels and other resources. There is a growing consensus that we have passed the point where we could make an easy or planned transition from a cheap energy or fossil fuel based economy to one or more alternatives.

The following statement is from Thermodynamics, Availibility and Emergy by Thomas L. Wayburn but is only one example of many.

“It is easy to see that fewer than 10% of the projected population of the earth in 2030 can spend energy at the current American rate, under the condition that the remaining 90+% subsist on 0.3kW. Moreover, for each person within the subsistence class who exceeds his allowance someone must die! If the current populations of the U.S., Europe and Japan survive and all else perish, the surviving population must still spend less than 90% of the current American energy budget.” see http://web.wt.net/~twayburn/emergy.html

From this it is clear that to energy to participate in an electronic culture is going to become a critical problem for everyone.

]]>
By: Frank Hanlan http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18922 Sun, 07 Aug 2005 15:30:39 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18922 While there may be thousands or tens of thousands that have the theoretical and/or technical knowledge to write textbooks how many can write them clearly and simply. It seems to me that just as environmentalists need to deal with people they will put out of work as a result of the policies and advocacy, advocates of free textbooks need to deal with all of the people they will put out of work. Think of the tens of thousands of people who make their living from writing, re-writing and editing of textbooks as well as all sorts of other types of books prepared for learning. Simplicity and clarity are hugely important in providing widespread access to learning are often provided not by the original thinkers, discoverers and inventors.

As stated previously with proper controls and protections it is easy to manipulate content of wikis for any of a raft of reasons. Therefore, widespread participation in the process to protect it from manipulation or perversion is necessary. In the last election in the province of Alberta in Canada, the Conservatives won 62 of 83 seats with 21 per cent of population elligible to vote.

]]>
By: Rob Myers http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18921 Fri, 05 Aug 2005 20:39:39 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18921 Wikimedia Commons may be good for images. I think you can put out a request for an image if one you need doesn’t exist.

You will need to check the licensing on each article but almost all the articles on Wikipedia are licensed under the GNU FDL, so you can download, distribute and print them out under the terms of that license.

]]>
By: Paul Ebert http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18920 Fri, 05 Aug 2005 19:45:35 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18920 I have just been to wikibooks – biology. This has been up for a while, but the results are still very spotty. I think that free artwork might be a huge barrier to actually making this useful as well as consistency from start to finish of a text.

Three questions:
Where can free artwork useful for a text be found?
Is there an artwork generating program that can be recommended that will provide a consistent quality and portable format?
Can a text be downloaded from wikipedia? (I realise that the point is to keep it online for all to edit, but when I ask 1,000 students to access a text, it would be much more convenient to distribute in on a CD)

]]>
By: Helen Hegener http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18919 Fri, 05 Aug 2005 16:34:49 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18919 I like what ACS said: “The small pockets of resistance against major ideas that breed students of a similar mind are essential to the progression of human knowledge.”

That’s how we’ve always perceived the homeschooling movement – as a small pocket of resistence against everything wrong with the school model. There’s plenty of good within the school model, of course, but as Ivan Illich, John Holt, John Taylor Gatto and many others have pointed out, there’s a lot wrong.

This free curriculum idea – indeed the whole concept of “What Will Be Free” – is, by the very fact that it needed to be brought up and by the reactions of those reading, a pretty good indicator of how far we as a society have progressed down the “nutty idea” path of hoarding and selling basic human needs like information. I wonder what the world would be like today if this concept had taken root in, say, the forties…

]]>
By: Rob Lucas http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18918 Fri, 05 Aug 2005 14:24:02 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18918 I’ve been experimenting with this for about a year now at http://teacherslounge.editme.com, a lesson-plan wiki that’s mostly been used so far around my local Teach for America region. I’m going to be getting a masters at Harvard Ed School next year, studying Technology in Education and Social Entrepreneurship. During the year or after it, I’m hoping to launch a free curriculum site along the lines discussed here, drawing on wiki ideas, but allowing for multiple curricula–maybe by using tagging rather than the encyclopedia metaphor? I’m sure there’s a way to make this work.

If you’re interested in this topic, bookmark my page or subscribe to the RSS feed at http://teacherslounge.typepad.com, and I’ll post something when this gets off the ground. Or shoot me an email at teacherslounge@gmail.com

-Rob Lucas

]]>
By: Sam Halliday http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18917 Fri, 05 Aug 2005 11:00:40 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18917 a project which i have been involved with for the past 4 years is known as the Free High School Science Textbooks (FHSST).

you might want to have a look around… the physics book is our flagship and we hope to have it finished within a year.

]]>
By: ACS http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18916 Fri, 05 Aug 2005 04:58:26 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18916 And whose cirriculum will it be exactly.

As I understand it the range of different cirriculums about breed as much knowledge in thier comparison as thier collection.

Radically opposing schools of thought in the social sciences result in the great debates of our time. Where would biology be if Creationists could have just re-written Darwins idea before it was born.

The small pockets of resistance against major ideas that breed students of a similar mind are essential to the progression of human knowledge.

I do agree that a collection of works similar to textbooks available to all would increase the education of society as a whole but it may not forward the minds of our elite.

We must remember that when new ideas are presented they are often scrutinised and although they may prove to be right a collection of works considered ‘the bible’ of human knowledge may discourage thier ideas before they can rise to the top.

Wouldnt this essentially give more and more power to control knowledge to the upper classes of academia.

Where would Einstein, Darwin, Pollack, Rutherford and the rest be then. Writing patents no doubt.

]]>
By: Chris Tunnell http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18915 Fri, 05 Aug 2005 04:56:00 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18915 Some people have already hinted at this, but teaching requires a lot of flexibility, which will be the hardest element to incorporate. There can be standards and resources to guide teachers along, but if turned out to be as linear as you predict, it could also be suffocating.

What, in my opinion, would be best is a collection of resources (teaching outlines, lectures, homework assignments, labs, articles, etc.) to guide teachers along. That is the only way I can see to maintain flexibility, but it also brings up a huge management problem since there would be a lot of information.

]]>
By: kentsin http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18914 Thu, 04 Aug 2005 23:05:55 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18914 I will certainly look up to this project.

However, I am surely fear that one set of textbooks dominate the world.

That would be the most terrible thought in this world! !!

Be minded!

]]>
By: Helen Hegener http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18913 Thu, 04 Aug 2005 22:14:09 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18913 Homeschooling families have been utilizing free curriulum materials for well over 20 years now. But I still like the concept as a something to work toward for the larger population. Hoarding and selling knowledge and information always was a nutty idea.

]]>
By: Paul Gowder http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18912 Thu, 04 Aug 2005 20:05:55 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18912 I second Emily’s question. We already have a lot of “free” curriculum in the sense that we have public libraries, which have free books, which are readily accessible on all the subjects that make up a curriculum. If I want to go and teach myself university-level number theory, or quantum mechanics, or Russian, or Heideggerian ontology, I’m perfectly free to do so with those resources. However, there will be a HUGE expense in terms of effort (trust me on this, I’ve done similar projects), an expense that would be greatly reduced if things like (a) lectures and (b) interactive opportunities with instructors and fellow students were included. Is this included in your “curriculum?”

]]>
By: Steve Carson http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18911 Thu, 04 Aug 2005 17:03:33 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18911 I believe this will be a reality much sooner; the development of open educational resources has the support of a wide range of educational institutions, NGOs, and foundations–all of whom are working in increasingly coordinated fashion to develop open educational tools, standards, and content. Open digital libraries, online learning tools, and open publications of classroom materials are all coming on line at a rapid pace. In addition to projects here in the US, projects in Japan, China, and Vietnam are all now sharing teaching materials openly. It’s truly a global movement.

]]>
By: Morgaine Swann http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18910 Thu, 04 Aug 2005 16:40:13 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18910 This is a marvelous idea, but 2040 is too long, unless you mean 100% complete. This could be functional for k-12 education and most of the Social Sciences by 2010 if it were made a priority. Don’t think small – things are happening much faster than we realize, and with the NeoCon attempts to take over what’s taught in school, there needs to be a common resource for non-partisan information.

]]>
By: Tom Hudson http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18909 Thu, 04 Aug 2005 12:49:21 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18909 The US government is spending a fair amount of NSF research money on “Digital Libraries”, which are trying to solve the kinds of discovery problems people mentioned above – how do we track them? how do we find them?

(For example, one coworker is involved with http://www.ilumina-dlib.org)

]]>
By: Frank http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18908 Thu, 04 Aug 2005 12:49:10 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18908 Yes, once again the problem is not the technology or the willingness to use it, but gatekeepers who determine what can be used in a classroom. Legislatures and school boards, and textbook certification committees have their own agendas, and they do not include cost savings or innovation.

There is no way these texts will make it through a process that even publishing companies spend millions trying to navigate. Knowing the material is quite secondary to political correctness (from both the left and right), uniformity, and conformity to mandated standards.

]]>
By: Bill Korner http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18907 Thu, 04 Aug 2005 12:46:58 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18907 Another worry I have about a, may I say, wikiriculum is this:

Unlike an encyclopedia, lots of parts of a curriculum should (a) incorporate current events/developments/new research and (b) take into account the needs/interests of the kids and their community.

Maybe this is more about the limits of a curriculum for fostering effective teaching. Clearly this is a broader pedagogical debate, but the wikiriculum will undoubtedly change the debate.

]]>
By: Adam R http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18906 Thu, 04 Aug 2005 11:56:23 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18906 I have a “will be free” prediction that is closely related to the “free ciriculum” explanation. I propose that foreign language instruction will be free.

First, there will be abundant free training materials, both written and spoken, but the real power of this prediction comes from the increased ability to communicate with others who are native speakers of other languages. Students already have extensive access to original compositions in foreign languages (newspapers), but it gets even better.

I predict that in the near future every student of a foreign language will be paired with a “pen pal” who is a native speaker of that language. The pen pals will be able to communicate by writing, phone, and even video, developing a much deeper understanding of each other’s language and culture than would be possible by just reading books.

]]>
By: Ian Brown http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18905 Thu, 04 Aug 2005 11:34:49 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18905 I wrote about the idea of teachers and students collaborating to produce online courseware a few years ago here.

I think it’s important to work on making a large selection of resources available, from which educators can produce their own individual courses, rather than producing complete curricula.

Professional bodies can then certify widely-used resources as meeting particular requirements in their training certifications.

]]>
By: Jason Turgeon http://www.lessig.org/2005/08/free-the-curriculum/#comment-18904 Thu, 04 Aug 2005 11:17:27 +0000 http://lessig.org/blog/2005/08/free_the_curriculum.html#comment-18904 There are already hundreds of free textbooks and other educational resources online. Several of them, like Ben Crowell’s “Light and Matter” physics books (http://www.lightandmatter.com/), are already in use in schools. The hard part is finding them all. I’ve started a website to catalog as many of these as I can. Hopefully this will make it easier for teachers and students to find and compare free textbooks, and end up in some of them getting used in actual classrooms. Consider this a small step towards the Free Curriculum that Jimbo is predicting.

The site (www.textbookrevolution.org) is undergoing a complete overhaul, with free professional webdesign and hosting provided by a civic-minded hosting company in Boston. Look for a launch of the new site in the next month. I’m not adding any new books to the existing site, but I am still actively seeking books to be added to the new site.

A similar project has been started called the Free Textbook Project. This one is shooting to go more into lesson plans and teacher support. I predict that our two sites will merge in some form if they’re both successful, or get absorbed into wikimedia, or simply be part of a webring of sites that will help form a free curriculum in the not-too-distant future.

Jason

]]>